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Why the flu is dangerous: severe course and complications
Do the test - do not waste time. You start treatment on time without complications.
You may not have known this, but the flu is often asymptomatic. In a 2005-2011 incidence analysis published in The Lancet Respiratory Medicine, it was found that only 23% of those with flu on laboratory tests have symptoms. However, each infected person, regardless of the presence of signs of illness, can infect others.

Because of this, and also because of the similarity of symptoms, the flu is often compared to the coronavirus infection. Despite a certain similarity, these ailments are caused by different pathogens - we wrote more about this in the article "Influenza or covid: how to distinguish?". The mechanism of development of possible complications is also different. In fact, this is one of the important reasons why, in the presence of flu-like symptoms, you need to know which virus caused them.

Influenza symptoms usually pass without specialized medical attention in about a week. However, there are groups of risk for which the flu is a serious danger. First of all, these are people over 65 years old - almost 90% of all deaths from influenza occur in this category. The risk of undesirable effects of influenza is also high for those who are over 50.

Children, pregnant women, people with chronic heart and lung diseases are considered high-risk groups for severe influenza.

For more information about who is most likely to get severe course or complication of the flu, click here. (link to article "Risk groups for severe influenza: who are at risk")

During influenza epidemic seasons, up to 11-12% of all acute respiratory viral infections can be caused by the influenza virus. Approximately 17-18% of patients during such periods can be hospitalized - precisely because of the severe course of the disease or the occurrence of complications.
What makes the flu worse
Complications of the flu can be quite severe. The most common of these are pulmonary complications, they include:

  • bacterial pneumonia, lung abscess, acute respiratory distress syndrome

The most common non-pulmonary complications are

  • bacterial rhinitis, sinusitis, otitis, tracheitis
  • viral encephalitis, meningitis, neuritis, myocarditis

In most cases, the flu is an unpleasant illness (with the exception of asymptomatic forms), but it eventually ends with a full recovery. However, it is important to recognize the development of complications of this respiratory viral infection in a timely manner.

If, after a decrease in temperature and recovery, the fever begins again, the body temperature rises to 38 ° C or higher, you should consult a doctor as soon as possible.

There are cases when you need to call an ambulance. Don't hesitate if your complain is about:

  • difficult breathing or a condition when you can only breathe when you lean forward;
  • if during coughing there is pain in the ribs on the right or left;
  • if there are traces of blood in the coughed up sputum or it is pink in color;
  • if taking antipyretic drugs does not give an effect;
  • for children - if convulsions occur at high body temperature.

Flu symptoms are easily confused with those of other acute respiratory viral infections and COVID-19. We hope you understand how important it is to determine in a timely manner which virus caused the disease.

This is where a lab test helps. However, a more convenient option (and also cheaper and faster) is a home combined rapid test for COVID-19 and influenza A/B detection. Milistan Combi Nasal Rapid Test is an opportunity to find out in 15 minutes which virus caused the disease and choose the optimal treatment.
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